- Starts solving a problem before fully understanding what is wanted and/or what a good route for solution will be.
- Focuses only on a known problem set that he or she has seen before and tries to match the problem with one in the set.
- Chooses one procedure without exploring alternatives,
- Emphasizes speed of solution, unaware of blunders.
- Does not follow an organized plan of attack: jumps about and mixes problem-solving strategies.
- Is unaware of missing data, concepts and laws.
- Exhibits bad judgment, makes unsound assumptions
- Gives up solving the problem because he or she does not have skills to branch away from a dead-end strategy.
- Unable to make approximations or makes bad ones,
- Cannot conceive of disagreeing
- Slavishly follows instructions; “by the book.”
- Does not know what to make of qualitative data.